right way

IN THE BEGINNING WAS a SOUND

This is how my way to the authentic tube sound was launched


Ju.MAIER

and a desire to hear it the way it is in life

sound of vacuum tubes 

  right way    =>    to look   =>   to hear   =>    determine   =>   contact

From here and on it's all about original vacuum triodes sound.


I am on the road for a long time and have built several amplifiers with highly refined circuitry. I once built a tube amp with minimal distortion to reach a clean tube sound. But it sounded lifeless like a transistor. And then I turned on a spectrum analyzer to document the presence of the tube sound.


In my mind, the main thing about tube sound is your ability to decide for yourself whether you want to please your ears or see a design object with bombastic vacuum tubes in front of you.


Here are some basic postulates:

  • Only a vacuum triode amplifier can create a tube sound.
  • Output stage is built as SE (Single-Ended) only.
  • If you do it systematic, there is a sure guarantee of success.

Please see: Whoever searches, finds.

But here is the simplest rule to be successful:


We have to hear the voice of our ancestors correctly and understand clearly: What is the latest target of your quest, what should the result be? Well-defined physical shapes with dimensions and weight, and then a decisions are cleared up by themselves.


The basis of the basics is a triode only.

The transfer characteristics of a triode is approximately described by a second order function. This leads to a signal with an enrichment of the spectrum by even harmonics.


This is exactly the quintessence of the tube sound. It is up to you to determine the quantitative values ​​of these harmonic components for your individually hearing.

1st step:   Vacuum Tube Reincarnation

Every road has a beginning.

The path into the tube world is complicated enough. You may not always like your home-made devices. However, this is a normal implementation process.


To find out what we like, you have to have it first. Therefore, it makes sense to build a relatively simple thing (a device) at the beginning of your path to perfection.

SoundBar MR:
This simple tube amplifier was specially designed and built for a television. As usual, it is sufficient for us in a living room of up to 50 square meters, a sound power of 0.5 up to 2 watts.


Our ears do not get tired of listening to music for a long time. This effect makes you addicted soon, and you don't like the sound of the transistor. You get used to the good right away.

SoundBar MR

SRPP preamp

Triode SE Outstage

Full range chassis

This system (a tube amplifier with full-range loudspeakers) gives a very nice soft sound for many months nonstop.

As has long been known, most acoustic boxes with solid state amplifiers can sound good, but are plain unsuitable for a tube amplifier. The same be true and vice versa.


Damping factor and full-range chassis: these are the keywords for good design and good chance to get to know the TSP (Thiele Small Parameter) and know what makes a excellent natural tone.


Key features:

:: Only triodes are for SRPP & SE design;

:: Input: -7.8 dBu (0.3 V RMS); 47 kOhm;
:: Output: SE Stage ECC99 2x 2.3 Watt;

:: Soft Start for long life of the tubes;

:: Full-range chassis of Tang Band, very low THD;
:: No negative feedback.

2nd phase:   main  Part

There was a curious situation with this device before: One day the sound of well-known music tracks became a bit obscured fuzzy, there was some interference at low frequencies.
Is it possible that tired hearing came? It seems i am fine. Checking the tubes didn't help either. The problem has been cleared up by the means of exclusion: you should wipe the headphones plug more often with spiritus.

Summary: Continuous listening to music of the highest quality has refined hearing. Low sound errors are immediately recognizable and uncomfortable.

A tube amplifier is a quintessence that exudes inexplicable fascination for many people. The descriptions of the sound in the reports of the relevant tests can be roughly like to sommelier language.


Harmotronix combines all of this with extreme properties of ultra low noise and distortion for solid-state audio high fidelity amplifiers.

Some other features of the device can be found here under and also here: HARMOTRONIX

Phono RIAA preamp

Headphones amplifier

Control of the tubes      sound depth



All in one


A noble fusion of the best of two worlds


Key features of the tubes Harmotronix:

:: Three modes for adjusting the tubes sound;

:: Double triodes used (ECC81 or ECC82, choice);

:: LED VU-meter for volume control;

:: Input: 0 dBu (0.775 V RMS); 50 kOhm;

:: Output: 0 dBu (0.775 V RMS);

:: Output impedance no more than 5 kOhm;

: WIMA capacitors in the signal path;

:: Soft Start for long life of the tubes.


Key features of the headphones amplifier:

:: TPA6120A2 High Fidelity Headphones Amplifier;

:: High slew rate that prevents odd order distortion;
:: Current-on-demand at the output (current output);
:: Wide range frequency response;

:: for headphones with an impedance of 16 up to 600 Ohms.


Key features of the RIAA preamp:

:: Ultra low noise IC (LM4562 or OPA2134, choice);

:: Input: 5 mV RMS; 47 kOhm; 0-100-150-250 pF;
:: Output: 0 dBu (0.775 V RMS);

:: WIMA capacitors in the signal path;

:: Passive filter mode for RIAA equalization;

:: RIAA curve deviation: less than +/- 0.2 dB.

3rd level:  Movement  towards  Excellence 

Headphones amplifier & RIAA preamplifier


There are many debates and commnts about tube sound: which is the best? Our senses are represented in such a different, that each of us perceives the world in our own way.
It is probably true, that diverse music genres also require a different flair to fully reveal the author's ideas. Everyone prefers their own individual sound option.


There was born a need to choose the intensity (representation) of the tube sound in the range from flavorless transistor (solid state) tone to a typical triode coloring.


There is an excellent SRPP (Shunt Regulated Push Pull) circuit. However, everything is not so simple here: In some of the cascade modes has the output signal a solid state spectrum (pentode or semiconductor sound). In the special implementation create the SRPP a bright triodes sound.

WARM - SMOOTH - CLEAN


If you can run such a mode on the device, all debates about the tube sound are over. That was just a fundamental think. The listener can rotate the buttons on these device and tune the best musical sound for his ears.


You can choose the sound depending on individual preference and music: These changes are done when you listen: you will find at once the most nice sound, this is the best tube sound option for you.


This device is built on the amazing SRPP circuit and is a gift from the 1940s: "balanced direct and alternating current amplifier" (US Patent 2.310.342).

This idea of ​​SRPP was further developed here to emphasize the characteristic sound of the tube.

Phono RIAA preamp

Headphones аmplifier

Control of the tubes sound



All in one

7 double triodes for everything



(c) 2019 MR

Key features of the headphones tube amplifier:


:: No negative feedback;

:: High slew rate that prevents odd order distortion;
:: Current-on-demand at the output (current output);
:: Wide range frequency response;

:: Controlling of intensity the tube sound;

:: WIMA capacitors in the signal path;

:: Output stage SRPP on tube ECC99 present high power;

:: For headphones with an impedance of 30 up to 600 Ohms;


Key features of the RIAA tube preamplifier:


:: The input stage is based on SRPP;

:: Input: 5 mV RMS; 47 kOhm;  0-100-150-250 pF;

:: Output: 0 dBu (0.775 V RMS);

:: Output impedance no more than 5 kOhm;

:: WIMA capacitors in the signal path;

:: Mica capacitors to get of the RIAA graph:

:: Passive filter mode for RIAA equalization;

:: RIAA deviation: less than +/- 0.5 dB

:: No negative feedback.

Vacuum tube is timeless & forever as music


Some definitions


- CD: Compact Disc  for digital data storage

- LP: LongPlayer or Vinyl Plate for Analog

- Cassette Recorder: This is an outdated analog method
   recording and playback on magnetic tape

- IC: Here it is a term for Integrated Circuit

         or solid-state or semiconductor or transistor
- DAC: Digital-to-Analog Converter

- ADC: Analog-to-Digital Converter

- RIAA is the standard for LP- records & players